What Are The 4 Types Of Plumbing?

Plumbing pipes come in a variety of materials. There are copper, PVC, ABS, and galvanized steel. Each material has distinct advantages and disadvantages. Let’s take a closer look at each. Copper is an excellent option for many situations because of its lightweight properties, flexibility, and low price. PVC is also an inexpensive option for plumbing pipes. However, it is not ideal for transporting hot water, as it warps or melts quickly when subjected to heat.


Copper plumbing pipes are popular in many residential and commercial settings by CALI Plumbing and Rooter. Due to their durability and corrosion resistance, copper pipes are used in both new and older homes. They can withstand high water pressure and hot or cold temperatures. However, this material is one of the most expensive of the four types of plumbing pipes.

What are the 4 types of plumbing

Copper piping comes in a variety of sizes. The most common sizes are fifteen and twenty-two millimeters (mm). Other sizes are available up to 108 mm. Type M copper is the thinnest and is more commonly used for drain, waste, and vent piping. Type L copper is medium-thick and is best for transporting drinking water.

Copper is also famous for plumber monterey park because it is soft and durable. In most environments, copper pipes won’t rust or degrade and are not affected by ultraviolet rays. Copper pipes have a low carbon footprint and can be used inside and outside of homes.


PVC pipe has numerous benefits. It has excellent corrosion resistance and can be used in both DWV systems and sanitary sewer systems. It is also used for many industrial applications. It is environmentally friendly and meets the stringent requirements for green building. Greenbuilding focuses on sustainability in construction while minimizing the impact on natural resources. There are several PVC pipe qualities that make it an excellent choice for green buildings.

PVC is a man-made plastic with added stabilizers to prevent oxidation and degradation. Its chemical composition is composed of two carbon atoms linked to three hydrogen atoms and one chlorine atom. When combined with other monomers, these units form chains. The chains are then connected to create a polymer. Once melted, the polymer is then extruded and is commonly used for plumbing.

PEX is similar to PVC in appearance and is marked for size and temperature. It can be almost any color, and it includes markings to designate a hot or cold water supply.


ABS is an environmentally friendly option for residential and commercial plumbing. Unlike PVC, it is resistant to corrosive environments, such as extreme cold, and won’t fade, peel, or dissolve. It also won’t leak unless punctured. Because of these advantages, ABS is often the choice for drain and sewer piping systems and even electrical insulation.

ABS pipes are inexpensive and don’t peel, rot, or dissolve, making them a good choice for a wide range of applications. However, local building codes will likely require specific pipe types, such as PVC. If you’re unsure of which pipe to choose, talk to a plumber or local government.

The main difference between PVC and ABS pipes is the way they are connected. ABS pipes bond instantly, whereas PVC pipes require two steps of joining. For ABS pipes, you just have to apply special cement to the ends and let it dry. In contrast, PVC pipe ends have to be treated with a special primer before they can be joined. This primer also requires more time and effort and can add to the cost of the project. As a result, ABS is the more cost-efficient option.

Galvanized steel

Galvanized steel is a type of metal that is commonly used in plumbing pipes. It is a common choice for pipes because it is durable and rust-resistant. This material is also very popular for outdoor applications. In fact, you can see it on handrails and chain link fences.

However, galvanized steel plumbing is not without its problems. If the joints fail, the pipes will leak and cause extensive damage. Often, these leaks may not be noticed, but they will eventually cause mold and attract termites. In addition, they will reduce the overall life expectancy of your pipes.

In addition to galvanized steel, other materials may be used in your plumbing. For example, black steel pipes can be made of steel and are also a good choice. However, it is important to choose a plumbing material that is rust-resistant.

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